Difference between revisions of "Nander"

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(Physical appearance: How do you build an underground city that “cuts through” a mountain range?)
(NORD's page about GHI)
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[[Wikipedia:Laron syndrome|Laron syndrome]] is an umbrella term for any of several conditions that result in reduced sensitivity to growth hormone. This has significant pluses (no cancer, no diabetes) with the only minus being short stature, which itself is a plus in the right niche.
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[[Wikipedia:Laron syndrome|Laron syndrome]] or growth hormone insensitivity (GHI)<ref>Arlan L. Rosenbloom et al. "[https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/growth-hormone-insensitivity/ Growth Hormone Insensitivity]". National Organization for Rare Disorders. Accessed 2021-04-11.</ref> is an umbrella term for any of several conditions that result in reduced sensitivity to growth hormone. This has significant pluses (no cancer, no diabetes, less bone aging) with the biggest minus being short stature, which itself is a plus in the right niche. There's also a tendency toward obesity in many.
  
Most dwarfs on TV have achondroplasia. Unlike Laron syndrome, achondroplasia isn't the kind of dwarfism that could become fixed in a population. For one thing, a double dose of the achondroplasia allele is lethal to newborns. And even if it weren't, it still causes bone, joint, and sleep problems.<ref>Jason Iannone,  Charles Less. "[http://www.cracked.com/article_21706_5-insane-realities-my-life-as-dwarf_p2.html 5 Insane Realities of My Life as a Dwarf]". ''Cracked'', 2014-11-19. Accessed 2014-11-19.</ref>
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Most dwarfs on TV have achondroplasia. Unlike GHI, achondroplasia isn't the kind of dwarfism that could become fixed in a population. For one thing, a double dose of the achondroplasia allele is lethal to newborns. And even if it weren't, it still causes bone, joint, and sleep problems.<ref>Jason Iannone,  Charles Less. "[http://www.cracked.com/article_21706_5-insane-realities-my-life-as-dwarf_p2.html 5 Insane Realities of My Life as a Dwarf]". ''Cracked'', 2014-11-19. Accessed 2014-11-19.</ref>
  
 
Short people tend to live longer because they tend to get less cancer and less coronary heart disease.<ref>XJ Selman. "[http://www.cracked.com/article_19964_5-scientific-reasons-youre-better-off-being-unattractive.html 5 Scientific Reasons You're Better Off Being Unattractive]". ''Cracked'', 2012-08-04. Accessed 2013-03-16.</ref>
 
Short people tend to live longer because they tend to get less cancer and less coronary heart disease.<ref>XJ Selman. "[http://www.cracked.com/article_19964_5-scientific-reasons-youre-better-off-being-unattractive.html 5 Scientific Reasons You're Better Off Being Unattractive]". ''Cracked'', 2012-08-04. Accessed 2013-03-16.</ref>

Revision as of 20:44, 11 April 2021

A nander (pl. nander or nander folk; H. robustus) is a sapient creature.

Physical appearance

Nander are similar to humans, except with shorter, generally stockier bodies (average height: 127 cm). The head appears comparatively large because the changes to growth pattern affect the head much less than other parts of the body. The lungs are also large, and the legs are short. The shortening of the legs gives an intermembral index (arm to leg length ratio) closer to even, compared to the 69% of humans.[1] And because shorter bodies mean shorter nerves, they don't live in the past quite as much. Nander are known as artisans for their smaller, quicker hands that improve fine motor skills.[2]

In some, growth pattern changes affected the sex hormones, leading to fuller and more rapid development of body hair than humans, albeit with faster pattern baldness. Others are no hairier than humans, and at times there is racial tension between "clean" and "hoary" nander.

It is thought that they are optimized over generations for mining and crafting in the more frigid, higher altitude lands. In any case, it fits the tendency of smaller mammals to have rounder bodies and more fur to conserve heat[3] and the tendency of burrowing mammals to have stockier builds.[4]

It takes a while to come to understand the mindset of people living in a city-scale mining colony,[5] especially when a lot of them grow up knowing far more about mining and metalworking than some of our scouts do. For example, ventilation is driven by the forge at the center of each section of the mine. The rising warm air in the exhaust chimney creates a draft toward the forge, supplying the inhabitants with air. Intake and exhaust chimneys are topped by structures resembling wells, [6] whose function H. G. could explain.[7] Thus areas bordering nander mines never had to hire children as chimney sweeps. Underground cities not near a mine are kept warm with geothermal vents.[8]

However, mining colonies have to maintain friendly relations with the world above. Those who seal themselves off too much from outside society risk a repeat of when the upworlders invaded Moland with smoke, water, and poison.[9]

Out-of-universe

References

  1. John Kappelman, Denné Reed, et al. "Limb proportions". eFossils: Who is Lucy?. University of Texas at Austin. Accessed 2020-03-17.
  2. user72058. "[https://worldbuilding.stackexchange.com/a/168027/601 Answer to What jobs would halflings be suited for in a medieval setting?]". Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, 2018-02-10. Accessed 2020-04-12.
  3. Williham Totland. "Answer to Is humans' height ideal?". Biology Stack Exchange, 2014-07-21. Accessed 2014-07-21.
  4. Indigofenix. "Answer to What would be the evolutionary adaptations of a subterranean fantasy race?" Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, 2015-04-20. Accessed 2015-08-02.
  5. Hankrecords et al. "How do you build an underground city that 'cuts through' a mountain range?". Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, 2020-07-22. Accessed 2020-07-24.
  6. Ville Niemi and Joe Bloggs. "Answer to Preventing Blackdamp in fantasy dungeons". Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, 2015-10-13. Accessed 2015-10-13.
  7. H. G. Wells. The Time Machine.
  8. Mike Nichols et al. "Could a Dwarven Civilization Exist?". Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, 2015-02-10. Accessed 2015-02-10.
  9. Creed Arcon. "What would a medieval war against a subterranean race look like?" Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, 2018-09-01. Accessed 2020-02-27.
  10. John Dailey. "Biology of Fantasy: Let’s Get Real, Shall We?". Universe Factory, 2016-10-05. Accessed 2016-11-15.
  11. Arlan L. Rosenbloom et al. "Growth Hormone Insensitivity". National Organization for Rare Disorders. Accessed 2021-04-11.
  12. Jason Iannone, Charles Less. "5 Insane Realities of My Life as a Dwarf". Cracked, 2014-11-19. Accessed 2014-11-19.
  13. XJ Selman. "5 Scientific Reasons You're Better Off Being Unattractive". Cracked, 2012-08-04. Accessed 2013-03-16.
  14. "Small Minded People. Not Always Right, 2013-03. Accessed 2013-04-10.