Difference between revisions of "C phonology"

From Pin Eight
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Category:Languages of Noen)
(Vowels: i'm importing a document written in the DS-as-PDA days)
Line 17: Line 17:
 
**/ui/ => [oɪ]
 
**/ui/ => [oɪ]
 
**/uu/ => [u:]
 
**/uu/ => [u:]
 +
 +
Because C is far more tolerant of clusters, words in C tend to have more of their vowels reduced to null compared to their V cognates. Compare the English doublet anxiety/angst.
  
 
== Consonants ==
 
== Consonants ==

Revision as of 04:57, 5 December 2009

The Noeneg language is called "C" by scouts because it tends toward a more consonant-heavy mix of sounds than "V". In some ways, it resembles Netherlandish (aka Dutch).

Vowels

Like Arabic, C has three vowels, but one would be fooled by the diphthongs. Most C roots have a C?CVCC? structure, but inflections can turn the V into VV. For example, one plural pattern adds /i/ before the last vowel.

  • /a/ => [ɐ]
    • /aa/ => [ɑ]
    • /ai/ => [eɪ]
    • /au/ => [ʌo]
  • /i/ => [ɪ]
    • /ia/ => [iə]
    • /ii/ => [æɪ]
    • /iu/ => [ɪy]
  • /u/ => [ʊ]
    • /ua/ => [uə]
    • /ui/ => [oɪ]
    • /uu/ => [u:]

Because C is far more tolerant of clusters, words in C tend to have more of their vowels reduced to null compared to their V cognates. Compare the English doublet anxiety/angst.

Consonants

C words must start with a consonant, even if it is a glottal stop. A lone voiceless consonant is pronounced with aspiration, but a lone /t/ followed by unaccented /i/ becomes /ts/ instead. A final consonant cluster in a word devoices.

/taud/ => [thʌot] /'uati/ => [uətsɪ]

In C, /x/ has fallen into /f/.

Dialect issues

Some dialects of C retain the archaic pronunciation of /f/ as [x], reserving [f] for only those /f/ that come from inflections of /p/-family consonants. Some dialects of both V and C have a tendency to drop unaccented vowels: for instance, unaccented C /ti/ often shows up as [ts] instead of [tsi]. Some dialects of C have different diphthong rules.