Difference between revisions of "C phonology"

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(Vowels: scout found a Salishan-like tendency oop north)
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Because C is far more tolerant of clusters, words in C tend to have more of their vowels reduced to null compared to their V cognates. Compare the English doublet anxiety/angst.
 
Because C is far more tolerant of clusters, words in C tend to have more of their vowels reduced to null compared to their V cognates. Compare the English doublet anxiety/angst.
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In fact, each word has only one phonemic vowel or diphthong. Suffixes tend to form long strings of consonants with no phonemic vowels; instead, [[wikipedia:Syllable nucleus|syllable nuclei]] end up on [[wikipedia:Sonority hierarchy|most sonorant]] nasals, fricatives, or even a glottal consonant. In some areas, clusters like those of the [[wikipedia:Salishan languages|Salishan languages]] are commonplace. But as one heads south toward the border between V- and C-speaking areas, surface vowels begin to show up, such as voiced fricatives becoming [i] and [u] and epenthetic schwa showing up in various places. This can be seen in the name of C itself: phonemically /nuunf/ but realized as ['nu:n@f]. Speakers of the cluster-type dialects characterize these vowels as "baby talk".
  
 
== Accent ==
 
== Accent ==

Revision as of 20:33, 31 January 2010

The Noeneg language is called "C" by scouts because it tends toward a more consonant-heavy mix of sounds than "V". In some ways, it resembles Netherlandish (aka Dutch).

Vowels

Like Arabic, C has three vowels, but one would be fooled by the diphthongs. Most C roots have closed syllables with a C?CVCC? structure, but inflections can turn the V into VV. For example, one plural pattern adds /i/ before the last vowel.

  • /a/ => [ɐ]
    • /aa/ => [ɑ]
    • /ai/ => [eɪ]
    • /au/ => [ʌo]
  • /i/ => [ɪ]
    • /ia/ => [iə]
    • /ii/ => [æɪ]
    • /iu/ => [ɪy]
  • /u/ => [ʊ]
    • /ua/ => [uə]
    • /ui/ => [oɪ]
    • /uu/ => [u:]

Because C is far more tolerant of clusters, words in C tend to have more of their vowels reduced to null compared to their V cognates. Compare the English doublet anxiety/angst.

In fact, each word has only one phonemic vowel or diphthong. Suffixes tend to form long strings of consonants with no phonemic vowels; instead, syllable nuclei end up on most sonorant nasals, fricatives, or even a glottal consonant. In some areas, clusters like those of the Salishan languages are commonplace. But as one heads south toward the border between V- and C-speaking areas, surface vowels begin to show up, such as voiced fricatives becoming [i] and [u] and epenthetic schwa showing up in various places. This can be seen in the name of C itself: phonemically /nuunf/ but realized as ['nu:n@f]. Speakers of the cluster-type dialects characterize these vowels as "baby talk".

Accent

First syllable of the root generally gets the accent.

Consonants

C words must start with a consonant, even if it is a glottal stop. A lone voiceless consonant is pronounced with aspiration, but a lone /t/ followed by unaccented /i/ becomes /ts/ instead. A final consonant cluster in a word devoices.

/taud/ => [thʌot] /'uati/ => [uətsɪ]

In C, /x/ has fallen into /f/.

Dialect issues

Some dialects of C retain the archaic pronunciation of /f/ as [x], reserving [f] for only those /f/ that come from inflections of /p/-family consonants. Some dialects of both V and C have a tendency to drop unaccented vowels: for instance, unaccented C /ti/ often shows up as [ts] instead of [tsi]. Some dialects of C have different diphthong rules.