Difference between revisions of "Personal name"

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Occasionally, the husband takes the wife's name, or they both adopt a hyphenated "double-barrel" name.
 
Occasionally, the husband takes the wife's name, or they both adopt a hyphenated "double-barrel" name.
 
Or especially when the wife is a professional writer or performer, both spouses may keep their names.
 
Or especially when the wife is a professional writer or performer, both spouses may keep their names.
It's not entirely unheard of to create a new last name for a newly married couple<ref>Brette McWhorter Sember. "[http://www.babyzone.com/baby-names/baby-name-articles/last-word-on-last-names_71348-page-3 The Last Word on Last Names]". ''BabyZone'.  Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref>
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It's not entirely unheard of to create a new last name for a newly married couple<ref>Brette McWhorter Sember. "[http://www.babyzone.com/baby-names/baby-name-articles/last-word-on-last-names_71348-page-3 The Last Word on Last Names]". ''BabyZone''.  Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref>
 
or for the children.<ref>[http://www.babycenter.com/0_whose-last-name-should-you-give-your-baby_10327041.bc?page=3 Whose last name should you give your baby?] Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref>
 
or for the children.<ref>[http://www.babycenter.com/0_whose-last-name-should-you-give-your-baby_10327041.bc?page=3 Whose last name should you give your baby?] Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref>
 
It may be original symbolizing the new life as a married couple,<ref>[http://www.fromtwotoone.com/2011/07/our-new-name.html Our New Name: Vermeer] 2011-07-06. Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref><ref>[http://thefeministmystique.blogspot.com/2012/04/m-last-name-project.html The Last Name Project: M]. 2012-04-24. Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref>
 
It may be original symbolizing the new life as a married couple,<ref>[http://www.fromtwotoone.com/2011/07/our-new-name.html Our New Name: Vermeer] 2011-07-06. Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref><ref>[http://thefeministmystique.blogspot.com/2012/04/m-last-name-project.html The Last Name Project: M]. 2012-04-24. Accessed 2012-10-17.</ref>

Revision as of 16:34, 21 December 2012

Sapient creatures generally have personal names assigned by their parents. In societies larger than one monkeysphere, these names tend to have multiple parts.

Real world

Given names are often specific to males or females. Many can be inflected for either gender, such as Patrick and Patricia, or irregularly such as Theodore and Dorothy.

The dominant pattern in much of the industrialized world is to have at least one given name and a family name that matches the father's family name. In Hungarian and East Asian names, the family name comes first, but names from some nationalities are reordered with the family name last in languages of "western" cultures where the family name ordinarily comes last (e.g. Japanese video game designer Shigeru MIYAMOTO in English). Chinese, Vietnamese, and most Korean names, on the other hand, remain in "eastern order" with the family name first even in English (e.g. Chinese basketballer YAO Ming), as do pre-Meiji Japanese names. This order confusion has led to a convention of writing the family name in all capital letters.

Family names were not always fixed, especially as each culture adopted more than one name. Some arose from nicknames, places of residence, occupations, or personal traits. The process may have resembled that dramatized in the short film "Stuff That Must Have Happened: The Invention of Last Names". A son's family name matching that of his father may have been generalized from a tendency that one's place of residence or occupation is that same as that of his father.

Family names in some places still are not fixed even in the twenty-first century CE. Both Habesha names and Icelandic names are made of a given name followed by the father's given name. In Icelandic names, but not Habesha names, the father's given name is inflected with a genitive suffix meaning "son" or "daughter". Russian names have both this patronymic element and an ordinary surname.

In some cultures, people's names change at certain major life events. Various American Indian nations would assign a "milk name", which would be replaced based on the person's actions between birth and coming of age. Women in several cultures usually adopt the husband's family name after marriage, traditionally as a symbol of the father handing over care of the bride to her new husband. But in the twentieth century CE, women began to explore other options.[1] Occasionally, the husband takes the wife's name, or they both adopt a hyphenated "double-barrel" name. Or especially when the wife is a professional writer or performer, both spouses may keep their names. It's not entirely unheard of to create a new last name for a newly married couple[2] or for the children.[3] It may be original symbolizing the new life as a married couple,[4][5] or it may be a portmanteau of the spouses' original family names.[6]

Fictional worlds

In DC Comics' Superman franchise, naming conventions in the dominant culture of the fictional planet Krypton were[7] not too different from those of most Euroamerican cultures on Earth. Men's names consisted of a given name and a family name. For example, Clark Kent was born Kal-El, where Kal is the given name and El is the family name, which matches that of his father Jor-El. Unmarried women took the father's given name as a middle name: Kal-El's mother was Lara Lor-Van (daughter of Lor-Van) before she married Jor-El. (Source: trope:AerithAndBob.)

If anyone has evidence of how names of married Kryptonian women were formed, let us know.

In one continuity (can't remember which), children whose parents die or otherwise become incapable of caring for them become wards of the court and attend an orphanage a public boarding school. (Yay euphemism.) Governments fund these boarding schools by stealing money from citizens in the purported interest of investing in the next generation. Some schools have a policy of changing orphans' family names to that of a particular hall's guardian, and some may even graduate as part of the school's "family".

Notes

  1. The Last Name Project Accessed 2012-10-17.
  2. Brette McWhorter Sember. "The Last Word on Last Names". BabyZone. Accessed 2012-10-17.
  3. Whose last name should you give your baby? Accessed 2012-10-17.
  4. Our New Name: Vermeer 2011-07-06. Accessed 2012-10-17.
  5. The Last Name Project: M. 2012-04-24. Accessed 2012-10-17.
  6. The Last Name Project: Sue Accessed 2012-10-17.
  7. Here I bend the convention of using the present tense when discussing events in fiction because Superman takes place after Kryptonian culture has already been wiped out.

External links