Difference between revisions of "Gender glossary"

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(Gender: Correct the order: the feminist meaning of "gender == femininity or masculinity" predated the "don't say 'sex' in front of minors" meaning)
m (Sex: use the dual comparative, not the plural, because there are only two prominent modes)
 
(23 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
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 +
{{nutshell|I define a woman as an adult human being with consistent intent to express herself the way her culture perceives a woman.}}
 +
 
Ryan T. Anderson claimed in February 2018 that transgender rights activists have failed "to offer a plausible definition of gender and gender identity that is independent of bodily sex," instead relying on vague "metaphysics."<ref>Ryan T. Anderson. "[https://www.heritage.org/gender/commentary/transgender-ideology-riddled-contradictions-here-are-the-big-ones Transgender Ideology Is Riddled With Contradictions. Here Are the Big Ones.]" The Heritage Foundation, 2018-02-09. Accessed 2019-12-26.</ref>
 
Ryan T. Anderson claimed in February 2018 that transgender rights activists have failed "to offer a plausible definition of gender and gender identity that is independent of bodily sex," instead relying on vague "metaphysics."<ref>Ryan T. Anderson. "[https://www.heritage.org/gender/commentary/transgender-ideology-riddled-contradictions-here-are-the-big-ones Transgender Ideology Is Riddled With Contradictions. Here Are the Big Ones.]" The Heritage Foundation, 2018-02-09. Accessed 2019-12-26.</ref>
 
This mirrors my experience with some opponents of the term "[[GNU/Linux]]."
 
This mirrors my experience with some opponents of the term "[[GNU/Linux]]."
Line 8: Line 10:
  
 
;Anatomical sex characteristics
 
;Anatomical sex characteristics
:Those physical characteristics that ordinarily form a bimodal distribution<ref>Jesse Singal. "[https://jessesingal.substack.com/p/why-so-many-progressives-are-arguing Why So Many Progressives Are Arguing That Biological Sex Doesn't Exist]". ''Singal-Minded'', 2019-04-03. Accessed 2019-12-26.</ref> strongly correlated with the sex chromosome karyotype, which is XX or XY in mammals.
+
:Physical characteristics that form a bimodal distribution<ref>Jesse Singal. "[https://jessesingal.substack.com/p/why-so-many-progressives-are-arguing Why So Many Progressives Are Arguing That Biological Sex Doesn't Exist]". ''Singal-Minded'', 2019-04-03. Accessed 2019-12-26.</ref> strongly correlated with the sex chromosome karyotype, which is XX or XY in mammals.
 
;Anatomical sex
 
;Anatomical sex
 
;Anatomy
 
;Anatomy
 
:How the anatomical sex characteristics manifest in a person's body.
 
:How the anatomical sex characteristics manifest in a person's body.
 +
;Sex
 +
:#Someone's anatomical sex, especially when contrasted with gender.<ref name="Brabaw">Kasandra Brabaw. "[https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/gender-identity-terms 54 Gender Identity Terms Every Ally Should Know]". ''Refinery29'', 2019-05-31. Accessed 2019-12-28.</ref>
 +
:#[[Sex#Sex|Genetic software exchange]] or other genital contact.
 
;Intersex
 
;Intersex
:Denoting anatomy well between the male and female modes.
+
:Having anatomy well between the male and female modes.
 
;Sex assigned at birth
 
;Sex assigned at birth
 
;Birth sex
 
;Birth sex
:A medical professional's assessment of to which mode the person's anatomy was closest as a newborn.
+
;Natal sex
 +
:A medical professional's assessment of to which mode the person's anatomy, mostly genital, was closer as a newborn.
  
 
== Gender ==
 
== Gender ==
 
"Gender" originally meant only [[wikipedia:Grammatical gender|agreement classes of nouns and pronouns in grammar]], which in many languages are correlated with the referent's sex.
 
"Gender" originally meant only [[wikipedia:Grammatical gender|agreement classes of nouns and pronouns in grammar]], which in many languages are correlated with the referent's sex.
 
As feminist theory developed, writers extended the term to describe [[wikipedia:Gender|what society considers masculine or feminine]].
 
As feminist theory developed, writers extended the term to describe [[wikipedia:Gender|what society considers masculine or feminine]].
(Some other writers misunderstood it as a euphemism for "sex" to avoid the [[Sex|"software exchange" meaning]].)
+
(Some other writers misunderstood it as a euphemism for "sex" to avoid the "software exchange" meaning.)
  
 
;Gender stereotype
 
;Gender stereotype
 
:A culture's association of particular aspects of personality and expression with a particular sex assigned at birth.
 
:A culture's association of particular aspects of personality and expression with a particular sex assigned at birth.
 
;Gender identity
 
;Gender identity
:The sex that an observer would assign based on comparing a person's personality alone, as opposed to anatomy, to the culture's stereotypes.
+
:A person's self-assessment of how their personality aligns with the culture's stereotypes.
 
;Gender expression
 
;Gender expression
:The sex that an observer would assign based on comparing a person's expression alone, as opposed to anatomy, to the culture's stereotypes.
+
:The sex that an observer would assign based on comparing a person's outward expression, such as name, voice, and dress, to the culture's stereotypes.
 +
;Woman
 +
:An adult human who consistently seeks to express herself the way her culture perceives a woman.
 +
;Man
 +
:An adult human who consistently seeks to express himself the way his culture perceives a man.
 
;Cisgender (cis)
 
;Cisgender (cis)
 
:Having gender identity matching birth sex.
 
:Having gender identity matching birth sex.
 
;Transgender (trans)
 
;Transgender (trans)
 
:Having gender identity opposing birth sex.
 
:Having gender identity opposing birth sex.
 +
;Gender binary
 +
:A culture's discouragement of mixing aspects of personality and expression that belong to the two genders.
 
;Nonbinary
 
;Nonbinary
 +
;Androgynous
 +
;Genderqueer
 
:Having gender identity or expression between the masculine and feminine norms.
 
:Having gender identity or expression between the masculine and feminine norms.
 
;Genderfluid
 
;Genderfluid
:Having personality or expression that varies from matching one gender stereotype to the other over time.
+
:Having gender identity or expression that varies from matching one gender stereotype to the other over time.
 +
;Cross-dresser
 +
:A person, usually cis, whose clothes and other outward appearance align with the opposite gender stereotype. This can be a slightly genderfluid person or a person challenging [[trouser tyranny]] or other aspects of the gender binary.
 +
;Agender
 +
;Genderless
 +
;Neutrois
 +
:Not identifying as a man or a woman.
 +
;Gender questioning
 +
:Trying different gender expressions in order to become more certain of their gender identity.
 
;They
 
;They
:The most common English-language pronoun used to refer to a person of unknown gender or to a nonbinary person. Its verb agreement is identical to that of the plural pronoun ''they'': the plain form (not ''-s'' form) in the present, and ''were'' (not ''was'') in the past tense of ''be''.
+
:The most common English-language pronoun used to refer to a person of unknown gender or to a nonbinary person. Its verb agreement is identical to that of the plural pronoun ''they'': the plain form (not ''-s'' form) in the present, and ''were'' (not ''was'') in the past tense of ''be''. One difference between the pronouns is that singular ''they'' has the reflexive form ''themself''.
 +
;Misgender
 +
:To refer to a person in a way that clashes with the person's gender expression, such as by using the wrong pronoun.
 +
 
 +
One harmful stereotype in many cultures is that those who ''appear'' capable of bearing children ought to be passive and submissive in order to allow males to exploit their reproductive and domestic labor.
 +
Society punishes those who do not conform to gender stereotypes, but females who conform are also punished for conforming by the fact that what they conform to often amounts to an inability to assert human rights.<ref>Rebecca Reilly-Cooper. "[https://sexandgenderintro.com/gender/ Gender]". ''Sex and Gender: A Beginner's Guide'', 2015. Accessed 2019-12-26.</ref>
 +
Thus stereotypes imply a hierarchy: those in the privileged category on top, those in the marginalized category on the bottom,<ref>Marina S. "[https://notazerosumgame.blogspot.com/2014/02/what-gender-is-and-what-gender-isnt.html What gender is and what gender isn't]". ''It's Not a Zero Sum Game'', 2014-02-17. Accessed 2019-12-26.</ref> and those not conforming to their society-ordained station below even that.
 +
 
 +
Some terms appear in older publications but are no longer used often:
 +
;FTM
 +
:#FamiTracker module, a file format for chiptunes.
 +
:#(obsolete) A trans man, that is, someone with masculine identity and expression who was assigned female at birth.
 +
;MTF
 +
:#[[wikipedia:Optical transfer function|Modulation transfer function]], the amount of energy or detail at each spatial frequency that a camera captures.
 +
:#(obsolete) A trans woman, that is, someone with feminine identity and expression who was assigned male at birth.
  
 
== Orientation ==
 
== Orientation ==
Line 52: Line 88:
 
;Straight
 
;Straight
 
:Preferring a romantic or sexual partner of the opposite sex or gender to oneself.
 
:Preferring a romantic or sexual partner of the opposite sex or gender to oneself.
 +
;Pansexual
 +
:Preferring a romantic or sexual partner of any gender. <!-- Please no Peter Pan/pederast jokes here. -->
 +
;Bisexual
 +
:Preferring a romantic or sexual partner who is a man or woman. (Older term predating awareness of nonbinary people.)
 
;Cishet
 
;Cishet
 
:The combination of cisgender and heterosexuality, which have represented a privileged group for over the past millennium of Western history.
 
:The combination of cisgender and heterosexuality, which have represented a privileged group for over the past millennium of Western history.
 +
;LGBT
 +
;LGBTQ
 +
;Queer
 +
:Not cishet.
  
 
One popular illustration summarizing the difference among anatomy, birth sex, gender identity, and sexual orientation is "[https://www.genderbread.org/ The Genderbread Person]" by Sam Killermann.
 
One popular illustration summarizing the difference among anatomy, birth sex, gender identity, and sexual orientation is "[https://www.genderbread.org/ The Genderbread Person]" by Sam Killermann.
  
== Dysphoria ==
+
== <span id="Health_care">Dysphoria</span> ==
  
 
Near the end of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first, the medical community took notice of gender.
 
Near the end of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first, the medical community took notice of gender.
  
 
;Gender dysphoria (GD)
 
;Gender dysphoria (GD)
:Distress based on mismatch between birth sex and gender identity that seriously interferes with a person's life.
+
:Distress based on mismatch between birth sex and gender identity that seriously interferes with a person's life. (After ''DSM-5''.)
 +
;Sexual maturation disorder (SMD)
 +
:Distress based on uncertainty about one's gender identity or sexual orientation. (After ''ICD-10''.)
 +
;Gender transition
 +
:A treatment for gender dysphoria or subdysphoric gender discomfort by allowing a trans person to consistently live in accordance with their gender identity, not their birth sex.
 +
;Transition care
 +
:Health care intended to align a person's gender expression with their gender identity.
 +
;Transsexual
 +
:Transgender and seeking or receiving transition care.
 
;Real-life experience (RLE)
 
;Real-life experience (RLE)
:A trial of consistent public expression of a different presentation for several months to determine whether a permanent transition would be effective in treating dysphoria. Said of a transition to the opposite gender.
+
:A trial of consistent public expression of a different presentation for several months to determine whether a permanent transition would be effective in treating dysphoria. Considered the first stage of a transition to the opposite gender.
;Gender transition
+
;Hormone therapy
:A treatment for gender dysphoria by allowing a trans person to consistently live in accordance with their gender identity, not their birth sex.
+
;Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
;Conversion therapy
+
:Treatment of gender dysphoria or menopause symptoms by adding hormones to cause a person's anatomy to more closely match their gender identity. Often includes hormonal modulators to suppress the effect of sex hormones produced by the person's body.
:An attempt to treat gender dysphoria by changing a trans person's personality to match the stereotype associated with their birth sex, or to treat homosexuality by changing a gay person's orientation to het. This is often done by instilling shame in a person over their personality.
 
 
;Gender-affirming surgery
 
;Gender-affirming surgery
 
;Sex reassignment surgery (SRS)
 
;Sex reassignment surgery (SRS)
:A procedure to treat gender dysphoria by modifying the person's anatomy. Generally the last stage of transition.
+
:An operation to treat gender dysphoria by modifying the person's anatomy. Generally the last stage of transition, after RLE and HRT.
 +
;Top surgery
 +
:Gender-affirming surgery on the breasts.
 +
;Bottom surgery
 +
:Gender-affirming surgery on the genitals.
 +
;Sex change
 +
:Older name for gender-affirming surgery.
 
;Theyby
 
;Theyby
 
:A child raised by their parents in a gender-neutral manner in order to make the child's transition from nonbinary to another gender identity less jarring. For example, parents buy both technology toys and parenting toys for their theybies. (Blend of singular "they" and "baby")
 
:A child raised by their parents in a gender-neutral manner in order to make the child's transition from nonbinary to another gender identity less jarring. For example, parents buy both technology toys and parenting toys for their theybies. (Blend of singular "they" and "baby")
 +
;Conversion therapy
 +
:An attempt to treat gender dysphoria by changing a trans person's personality to match the stereotype associated with their birth sex, or to treat homosexuality by changing a gay person's orientation to het. This is often done by instilling shame in a person over their personality.
  
 
Over the years, transition has produced better mental health outcomes than shoehorning them into the opposite expression.
 
Over the years, transition has produced better mental health outcomes than shoehorning them into the opposite expression.
Line 91: Line 150:
 
Incidentally, ''The Bible'' records in [[bible:Mark 9:45|Mark 9:43-48]] that Jesus of Nazareth recommended affirming surgery.
 
Incidentally, ''The Bible'' records in [[bible:Mark 9:45|Mark 9:43-48]] that Jesus of Nazareth recommended affirming surgery.
  
== TERF wars ==
+
== <span id="Bigotry">TERF wars</span> ==
  
 +
;Patriarchy
 +
:A society's systematic oppression of women and girls.
 
;Transantagonism
 
;Transantagonism
 +
;Cissexism
 
:Bigotry against trans people.
 
:Bigotry against trans people.
 
;Transphobia
 
;Transphobia
:Transantagonism, with the additional implication that the bigotry is rooted in an anxiety disorder.
+
:Bigotry against trans people rooted in anxiety.
 +
;Heteronormativity
 +
:Bigotry against gay people and sometimes against asexual people.
 
;Homophobia
 
;Homophobia
:Bigotry against gay people, with the additional implication that the bigotry is rooted in an anxiety disorder.
+
:Bigotry against gay people rooted in anxiety.
 +
;Neurosexism
 +
:The claim that brain structures form enough of an anatomical sex characteristic to contribute more to personality than culture does.
 +
;Benjaminism
 +
;Harry Benjamin syndrome (HBS)
 +
:Neurosexism, and/or the claim that a person who has undergone RLE and HRT but does not desire surgery is not truly trans but instead has hypochondria, when used to gatekeep transition. (After Dr. Harry Benjamin, a pioneer in transgender sexology and gerontology. Benjamin contributed much to the understanding of transgender during his life, but some of his conclusions have been debunked since his death in 1986. Unfortunately, cissexists have used these superseded theories as a basis for gatekeeping.)
 +
;Cis scum
 +
:One or more cissexist people.
 +
;Transmedicalism
 +
:The claim that a person cannot be truly trans without it causing dysphoria (clinically significant distress).
 +
;Truscum
 +
:One or more transmedicalist people.
 +
 
 +
Some writers prefer not to use the terms "homophobia" and "transphobia" because they see bigotry as separate from [[wikipedia:Phobia|anxiety disorders]].<ref>Richard Stallman. "[https://stallman.org/antiglossary.html#phobia Anti-Glossary]". Accessed 2019-12-28.</ref> I have, however, identified three fears that may underlie bigotry against trans people:
 +
 
 +
;Opportunity cost
 +
:Fear that the government will take money away from programs that benefit you to fund transition care for transgender citizens, such as real life experience counseling, hormones, and top and bottom surgery.
 +
;Malingering
 +
:Fear that a man will transition solely to gain access to the women's shelter where your daughter is staying and assault the women there. This has happened in a small number of cases, such as that of Jessica (née Christopher) Hambrook in Toronto, but most of these cases involve people who were already convicted sex offenders in the first place.<ref>Callie Wright. "[https://www.queersplaining.com/2018/01/17/an-exhaustive-allys-guide-to-the-bathroom-debate-part-1/ An Exhaustive Ally’s Guide to the Bathroom Debate: Part 1]". ''Queersplaining'', 2018-01-17. Accessed 2019-12-29.</ref>
 +
;Slippery slope
 +
:Fear that once the culture enforces equal protection of transgender people, it'll be easier to begin to [[wikipedia:Paradox of tolerance|enforce tolerance]] of transitions in other aspects of identity, such as [[wikipedia:Body integrity dysphoria|transabled]], [[wikipedia:otherkin|otherkin]], or trans-age.
  
Given the ineffectiveness of conversion therapy, this leaves two ways to treat gender dysphoria.
+
Thus some people continue to classify trans people by their birth sex, not their overall gender expression, and don't feel obligated to play along with what they see as "roleplaying."
 +
But one can make a [[wikipedia:utilitarianism|utilitarian]] argument to tolerate gender transition:
 +
Even if you do consider trans presentation "roleplaying,"<!-- Always keep an if-then in the same sentence as "roleplay". --> allowing trans people to consistently "roleplay" as their gender identity produces better mental health outcomes than forcing them into a gender expression inconsistent with their personality.
 +
 
 +
Given the demonstrated ineffectiveness of conversion therapy, this leaves two ways to treat gender dysphoria.
 
Trans rights advocates prefer expanding availability of transition, which has proven effective over the years.
 
Trans rights advocates prefer expanding availability of transition, which has proven effective over the years.
 
The other, less proven way is to erase gender stereotypes from the culture, so that expectations of personality and expression are no longer coupled to a birth sex.
 
The other, less proven way is to erase gender stereotypes from the culture, so that expectations of personality and expression are no longer coupled to a birth sex.
Some opponents of trans rights, who call themselves gender-critical feminists but are more widely known as trans-exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs) believe that eradicating the patriarchy that supports gender stereotypes is a better idea in the long run.
+
Some opponents of trans rights, who call themselves gender-critical feminists but are more widely known as trans-exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs), believe that eradicating the gender stereotypes that underlie patriarchy is a better idea in the long run.
 
They claim that abolishing gender saves the cost associated with transition, it better accommodates nonbinary people, and it removes an excuse that a very small number of men have used to assault women and girls.
 
They claim that abolishing gender saves the cost associated with transition, it better accommodates nonbinary people, and it removes an excuse that a very small number of men have used to assault women and girls.
However, as [[wikiquote:Max Planck|Max Planck observed]], culture advances one funeral at a time.
+
However, as theoretical physicist [[wikipedia:Planck's principle|Max Planck noted in his 1950 autobiography]], culture advances one funeral at a time.
 
It takes several generations to erode a stereotype, and TERFs have offered few if any viable options for the present generation of transgender people.
 
It takes several generations to erode a stereotype, and TERFs have offered few if any viable options for the present generation of transgender people.
 +
Furthermore, it puzzles me why the gender-critical crowd haven't openly joined forces with the gender-creative parents of theybies, even if only to expose gender as the farce that they claim it is.
  
 
Transition... Eroding stereotypes... Why not both?
 
Transition... Eroding stereotypes... Why not both?
Line 112: Line 201:
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references />
 
<references />
 +
 +
== External links ==
 +
*[https://twitter.com/PinoBatch/status/1211515347901276160 Tweet by @PinoBatch briefly defining female, feminine, and woman]
 +
*[[RationalWiki:Transgender glossary]]

Latest revision as of 22:14, 31 March 2020

In a nutshell: I define a woman as an adult human being with consistent intent to express herself the way her culture perceives a woman.

Ryan T. Anderson claimed in February 2018 that transgender rights activists have failed "to offer a plausible definition of gender and gender identity that is independent of bodily sex," instead relying on vague "metaphysics."[1] This mirrors my experience with some opponents of the term "GNU/Linux." So I'll try to clear the air the same way I did for GNU/Linux: by defining the terms as I understand them, as rigorously as I can.

Sex

Humans and other vertebrates have two sexes. In theory, half the population are specialized for producing offspring and the other for gathering and defending resources.

Anatomical sex characteristics
Physical characteristics that form a bimodal distribution[2] strongly correlated with the sex chromosome karyotype, which is XX or XY in mammals.
Anatomical sex
Anatomy
How the anatomical sex characteristics manifest in a person's body.
Sex
  1. Someone's anatomical sex, especially when contrasted with gender.[3]
  2. Genetic software exchange or other genital contact.
Intersex
Having anatomy well between the male and female modes.
Sex assigned at birth
Birth sex
Natal sex
A medical professional's assessment of to which mode the person's anatomy, mostly genital, was closer as a newborn.

Gender

"Gender" originally meant only agreement classes of nouns and pronouns in grammar, which in many languages are correlated with the referent's sex. As feminist theory developed, writers extended the term to describe what society considers masculine or feminine. (Some other writers misunderstood it as a euphemism for "sex" to avoid the "software exchange" meaning.)

Gender stereotype
A culture's association of particular aspects of personality and expression with a particular sex assigned at birth.
Gender identity
A person's self-assessment of how their personality aligns with the culture's stereotypes.
Gender expression
The sex that an observer would assign based on comparing a person's outward expression, such as name, voice, and dress, to the culture's stereotypes.
Woman
An adult human who consistently seeks to express herself the way her culture perceives a woman.
Man
An adult human who consistently seeks to express himself the way his culture perceives a man.
Cisgender (cis)
Having gender identity matching birth sex.
Transgender (trans)
Having gender identity opposing birth sex.
Gender binary
A culture's discouragement of mixing aspects of personality and expression that belong to the two genders.
Nonbinary
Androgynous
Genderqueer
Having gender identity or expression between the masculine and feminine norms.
Genderfluid
Having gender identity or expression that varies from matching one gender stereotype to the other over time.
Cross-dresser
A person, usually cis, whose clothes and other outward appearance align with the opposite gender stereotype. This can be a slightly genderfluid person or a person challenging trouser tyranny or other aspects of the gender binary.
Agender
Genderless
Neutrois
Not identifying as a man or a woman.
Gender questioning
Trying different gender expressions in order to become more certain of their gender identity.
They
The most common English-language pronoun used to refer to a person of unknown gender or to a nonbinary person. Its verb agreement is identical to that of the plural pronoun they: the plain form (not -s form) in the present, and were (not was) in the past tense of be. One difference between the pronouns is that singular they has the reflexive form themself.
Misgender
To refer to a person in a way that clashes with the person's gender expression, such as by using the wrong pronoun.

One harmful stereotype in many cultures is that those who appear capable of bearing children ought to be passive and submissive in order to allow males to exploit their reproductive and domestic labor. Society punishes those who do not conform to gender stereotypes, but females who conform are also punished for conforming by the fact that what they conform to often amounts to an inability to assert human rights.[4] Thus stereotypes imply a hierarchy: those in the privileged category on top, those in the marginalized category on the bottom,[5] and those not conforming to their society-ordained station below even that.

Some terms appear in older publications but are no longer used often:

FTM
  1. FamiTracker module, a file format for chiptunes.
  2. (obsolete) A trans man, that is, someone with masculine identity and expression who was assigned female at birth.
MTF
  1. Modulation transfer function, the amount of energy or detail at each spatial frequency that a camera captures.
  2. (obsolete) A trans woman, that is, someone with feminine identity and expression who was assigned male at birth.

Orientation

Separate from gender identity is sexual orientation ("whom you love").

Orientation
The anatomy, gender identity, or gender expression that a person prefers in a romantic or sexual partner.
Homosexual
Gay
Preferring a romantic or sexual partner of the same sex or gender as oneself.
Heterosexual (het)
Straight
Preferring a romantic or sexual partner of the opposite sex or gender to oneself.
Pansexual
Preferring a romantic or sexual partner of any gender.
Bisexual
Preferring a romantic or sexual partner who is a man or woman. (Older term predating awareness of nonbinary people.)
Cishet
The combination of cisgender and heterosexuality, which have represented a privileged group for over the past millennium of Western history.
LGBT
LGBTQ
Queer
Not cishet.

One popular illustration summarizing the difference among anatomy, birth sex, gender identity, and sexual orientation is "The Genderbread Person" by Sam Killermann.

Dysphoria

Near the end of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first, the medical community took notice of gender.

Gender dysphoria (GD)
Distress based on mismatch between birth sex and gender identity that seriously interferes with a person's life. (After DSM-5.)
Sexual maturation disorder (SMD)
Distress based on uncertainty about one's gender identity or sexual orientation. (After ICD-10.)
Gender transition
A treatment for gender dysphoria or subdysphoric gender discomfort by allowing a trans person to consistently live in accordance with their gender identity, not their birth sex.
Transition care
Health care intended to align a person's gender expression with their gender identity.
Transsexual
Transgender and seeking or receiving transition care.
Real-life experience (RLE)
A trial of consistent public expression of a different presentation for several months to determine whether a permanent transition would be effective in treating dysphoria. Considered the first stage of a transition to the opposite gender.
Hormone therapy
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
Treatment of gender dysphoria or menopause symptoms by adding hormones to cause a person's anatomy to more closely match their gender identity. Often includes hormonal modulators to suppress the effect of sex hormones produced by the person's body.
Gender-affirming surgery
Sex reassignment surgery (SRS)
An operation to treat gender dysphoria by modifying the person's anatomy. Generally the last stage of transition, after RLE and HRT.
Top surgery
Gender-affirming surgery on the breasts.
Bottom surgery
Gender-affirming surgery on the genitals.
Sex change
Older name for gender-affirming surgery.
Theyby
A child raised by their parents in a gender-neutral manner in order to make the child's transition from nonbinary to another gender identity less jarring. For example, parents buy both technology toys and parenting toys for their theybies. (Blend of singular "they" and "baby")
Conversion therapy
An attempt to treat gender dysphoria by changing a trans person's personality to match the stereotype associated with their birth sex, or to treat homosexuality by changing a gay person's orientation to het. This is often done by instilling shame in a person over their personality.

Over the years, transition has produced better mental health outcomes than shoehorning them into the opposite expression. If this is metaphysical, then perhaps metaphysics is the most effective model of the effects of gender stereotypes on mental health.

Transabled
Having a mismatch between a person's limbs and senses and their sensorimotor map.
Body integrity dysphoria (BID)
Body integrity identity disorder (BIID)
Distress based on being transabled that seriously interferes with a person's life.
Pretending
Synonym for RLE in a transabled person, such as full-time use of crutches or a wheelchair.

Anderson's article also compares transgender people to transabled people. These people want to lose a limb or a sense in order to feel whole. For the few transabled people who have undergone an affirming amputation, the procedure has proven effective in treating their BID. Incidentally, The Bible records in Mark 9:43-48 that Jesus of Nazareth recommended affirming surgery.

TERF wars

Patriarchy
A society's systematic oppression of women and girls.
Transantagonism
Cissexism
Bigotry against trans people.
Transphobia
Bigotry against trans people rooted in anxiety.
Heteronormativity
Bigotry against gay people and sometimes against asexual people.
Homophobia
Bigotry against gay people rooted in anxiety.
Neurosexism
The claim that brain structures form enough of an anatomical sex characteristic to contribute more to personality than culture does.
Benjaminism
Harry Benjamin syndrome (HBS)
Neurosexism, and/or the claim that a person who has undergone RLE and HRT but does not desire surgery is not truly trans but instead has hypochondria, when used to gatekeep transition. (After Dr. Harry Benjamin, a pioneer in transgender sexology and gerontology. Benjamin contributed much to the understanding of transgender during his life, but some of his conclusions have been debunked since his death in 1986. Unfortunately, cissexists have used these superseded theories as a basis for gatekeeping.)
Cis scum
One or more cissexist people.
Transmedicalism
The claim that a person cannot be truly trans without it causing dysphoria (clinically significant distress).
Truscum
One or more transmedicalist people.

Some writers prefer not to use the terms "homophobia" and "transphobia" because they see bigotry as separate from anxiety disorders.[6] I have, however, identified three fears that may underlie bigotry against trans people:

Opportunity cost
Fear that the government will take money away from programs that benefit you to fund transition care for transgender citizens, such as real life experience counseling, hormones, and top and bottom surgery.
Malingering
Fear that a man will transition solely to gain access to the women's shelter where your daughter is staying and assault the women there. This has happened in a small number of cases, such as that of Jessica (née Christopher) Hambrook in Toronto, but most of these cases involve people who were already convicted sex offenders in the first place.[7]
Slippery slope
Fear that once the culture enforces equal protection of transgender people, it'll be easier to begin to enforce tolerance of transitions in other aspects of identity, such as transabled, otherkin, or trans-age.

Thus some people continue to classify trans people by their birth sex, not their overall gender expression, and don't feel obligated to play along with what they see as "roleplaying." But one can make a utilitarian argument to tolerate gender transition: Even if you do consider trans presentation "roleplaying," allowing trans people to consistently "roleplay" as their gender identity produces better mental health outcomes than forcing them into a gender expression inconsistent with their personality.

Given the demonstrated ineffectiveness of conversion therapy, this leaves two ways to treat gender dysphoria. Trans rights advocates prefer expanding availability of transition, which has proven effective over the years. The other, less proven way is to erase gender stereotypes from the culture, so that expectations of personality and expression are no longer coupled to a birth sex. Some opponents of trans rights, who call themselves gender-critical feminists but are more widely known as trans-exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs), believe that eradicating the gender stereotypes that underlie patriarchy is a better idea in the long run. They claim that abolishing gender saves the cost associated with transition, it better accommodates nonbinary people, and it removes an excuse that a very small number of men have used to assault women and girls. However, as theoretical physicist Max Planck noted in his 1950 autobiography, culture advances one funeral at a time. It takes several generations to erode a stereotype, and TERFs have offered few if any viable options for the present generation of transgender people. Furthermore, it puzzles me why the gender-critical crowd haven't openly joined forces with the gender-creative parents of theybies, even if only to expose gender as the farce that they claim it is.

Transition... Eroding stereotypes... Why not both?

References

  1. Ryan T. Anderson. "Transgender Ideology Is Riddled With Contradictions. Here Are the Big Ones." The Heritage Foundation, 2018-02-09. Accessed 2019-12-26.
  2. Jesse Singal. "Why So Many Progressives Are Arguing That Biological Sex Doesn't Exist". Singal-Minded, 2019-04-03. Accessed 2019-12-26.
  3. Kasandra Brabaw. "54 Gender Identity Terms Every Ally Should Know". Refinery29, 2019-05-31. Accessed 2019-12-28.
  4. Rebecca Reilly-Cooper. "Gender". Sex and Gender: A Beginner's Guide, 2015. Accessed 2019-12-26.
  5. Marina S. "What gender is and what gender isn't". It's Not a Zero Sum Game, 2014-02-17. Accessed 2019-12-26.
  6. Richard Stallman. "Anti-Glossary". Accessed 2019-12-28.
  7. Callie Wright. "An Exhaustive Ally’s Guide to the Bathroom Debate: Part 1". Queersplaining, 2018-01-17. Accessed 2019-12-29.

External links